This symposium introduces Alfred Stieglitz to audiences in France as a complex figure torn between his admiration for European culture and his desire to shape a unique identity for American art. Speakers explored the origins of Stieglitz’s mediating role between the European and the American avant-gardes and traced an intellectual and commercial context for the germination of his artistic ideas. They consider how the legacy of Stieglitz’s aesthetic choices has shaped a certain history of American twentieth-century art. The symposium is held in conjunction with two exhibitions at the Musée d’Orsay: New York and Modern Art: Alfred Stieglitz and His Circle (1905–1930) and Alfred Stieglitz (1864–1946): Gift of the Georgia O’Keeffe Foundation. This event is organized by the Musée d’Orsay and the Musée d’Art Américain Giverny.