Initially, Breton and the surrealists, in their understanding of themselves as an international avant-garde, literally did not have the United States on their map, as their famous Le monde au temps des surréalistes from 1929 attests. Nonetheless, surrealism found early institutional and economic recognition in the US, already in the early 1930s. In November 1931, the first exhibition of surrealist art in the United States, Newer Super Realism, took place at the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut. Beginning in 1931, the Julien Levy Gallery in New York gave Salvador Dalí, Max Ernst, Alberto Giacometti, and René Magritte the opportunity to have their first exhibitions in the United States, while at the same time American artists such as Man Ray, Joseph Cornell, Walter Quirt, and Lee Miller were also exhibiting in this gallery. During World War II, when many surrealist artists were exiled in the US, surrealist exhibitions, objects, publications, and supporters contributed further to propagating and propelling new hybrid forms across the country, from Los Angeles to Chicago and beyond, well into the postwar period.
Academic advisory board:
- Julia Drost (DFK Paris)
- Fabrice Flahutez (Université Paris Nanterre)
- Anne Helmreich (College of Fine Arts, Texas Christian University)
- Susan Power (independent scholar)
- Martin Schieder (Universität Leipzig)
For more information, please visit: https://dfk-paris.org/fr/page/le-surr%C3%A9alisme-aux-%C2%90%C3%A9tats-unis-surrealism-usa-1807.html