Co-organized by the China Academy of Art and the University of California, Santa Barbara, this symposium will address modern art of the United States and China. In both countries, art produced in the last century is generally understood to be different from the foundational modernism of the European avant-gardes. In this symposium, scholars explore what can be learned when the art histories of both countries are juxtaposed. This is not a question so much of influence or direct connections, but about the uses that both China and the United States put modernism to and how they develop a modern or postmodern art that is useful or integral to their own national identities. It is about complementary histories and the light each history may shed on the other.